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LES STRATEGIES DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE VILLES EN TUNISIE : ENTRE CONTINUITES ET RUPTURES DES MODES DE FAIRE L’URBAIN. Une analyse comparée de quatre stratégies d’avant et d’après « le Printemps tunisien »

Abstract : The urbanization of Tunisia has continued to grow in magnitude, resulting in territorial imbalances and the establishment of a planning system whose boundaries have been the subject of several studies. It is in this context that for less than two decades, strategic planning has begun to be introduced in urban action in Tunisia under the name of City Development Strategy (CDS). It is a question of defining a vision for the city which is declined in strategic objectives and whose implementation will be ensured by concrete actions. The development of these SDVs involves the involvement of different actors (public actors, civil society, experts, etc.) and integrated consideration of different dimensions (spatial, economic, social, etc.). Based on the cases of Tunis, Sfax, Sousse and Jendouba whose preparation was done for two of them before the Tunisian Spring, and for the other two after, we propose in this thesis to verify the hypotheses dealing with these SDVs as reflections of governance changes. Based on the cases of Tunis, Sfax, Sousse and Jendouba, we propose in this thesis to verify the hypotheses according to which these CDS would lay the foundations for a renewal of urban planning in Tunisia and would reflect transformations of the urban governance of this country. We questioned the four strategic planning processes of Tunis, Sfax, Sousse and Jendouba through five lines of investigation namely the international dimension of the CDS, their methods of elaboration, the study of the representations, the organizational structures and finally the practice. This work allowed us to arrive at three main results. First, our analyzes have allowed us to conclude that the four processes studied reveal some continuity with certain modes of urban planning that already exist in Tunisia. Then, our analyzes allowed us to conclude also that our four case studies reflect transformations which concerned only well-defined aspects of the modes of doing the city and for very specific fields of application. Finally, the third result that we have reached in our research has shown that our four case studies have brought a revival of the planning of the city in Tunisia and have been at the origin of multilevel changes in urban governance.
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Belghith Derouiche. LES STRATEGIES DE DEVELOPPEMENT DE VILLES EN TUNISIE : ENTRE CONTINUITES ET RUPTURES DES MODES DE FAIRE L’URBAIN. Une analyse comparée de quatre stratégies d’avant et d’après « le Printemps tunisien ». Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris Est, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02863855v2⟩

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