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Réseau routier et organisation de l’espace en Vivarais et sur ses marges au Moyen Âge

Abstract : Access to the medieval Vivarois road network in the Middle Ages and the links it maintains with settlement is at the heart of this work. First, we mapped the main Vivaran road routes. It turns out that they are very much oriented on an east-west axis, all connecting the Rhone furrow to the Massif Central by crossing the Vivarais. Then, we wanted to explain the polarization of the road network on an east-west axis, which led us to study the development of trade between the Rhône valley and the Massif Central, whether it be livestock, wine, salt, wood or grain. To trade, it is also necessary to associate pilgrimages towards Puy-en-Velay which attract a considerable number of people towards the Marian city, crossing the region and therefore contributing to the development of transversal axes. Thirdly, we studied the traffic conditions: characteristics of the roads, transport techniques, welcoming the traveler, etc. This work made it possible to show that although often reduced to the state of simple trails, the Vivarois roads are perfectly adapted to the techniques of transport by mules. We addressed the questions of welcoming the traveler, highlighting a shift from charitable hospitality to commercial hostel-type hospitality during the 14th century. Finally, we studied the distribution of the population around the road network, from the establishment of altimedieval parishes to the development of the urban network in the 13th century through the establishment of the castral network. IT clearly appears that, although the road network largely justifies the establishment of parishes in areas of late Christianization, in the Carolingian centuries, just as the main cities developed at major road junctions, village and castral seedlings in are very largely independent.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02715481
Contributor : Franck Brechon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2020 - 3:27:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 24, 2020 - 3:08:20 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02715481, version 1

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Franck Brechon. Réseau routier et organisation de l’espace en Vivarais et sur ses marges au Moyen Âge. Histoire. Université Lumière Lyon 2, 2000. Français. ⟨tel-02715481⟩

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