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LES RESTRICTIONS À LA LIBERTÉ DE RELIGION ET DE CONVICTION EN INDONÉSIE : GENÈSE ET ENJEUX CONTEMPORAINS DE LA LOI ANTI-BLASPHÈME DE 1965

Abstract : Several controversies have emerged in recent years regarding the nature of the blasphemy law in the religious life of the Indonesian democratic society. In April 2010, the Indonesian Constitutional Court ruled out that it intends to restrict the freedom of religion and religious expression. The court further argues that even if the law has an unintended effect of restricting the freedom of religion or religious expression, it is not against the constitution since the 1945 Constitution is accompanied by a legal restriction to respect or preserve religious values in particular, as well as morality, security and public order. However, the debates and tensions within society regarding the implementation of this law continue unabated. Through an analysis of legal content and its implementation, I argue that the blasphemy law of 1965 initially aims to hinder the development of the local spiritual belief stream or Javanese mystical groups, which to some extent are considered by Muslims in particular as a threat to existing religions and a source of disintegration of the country. Further, I maintain that the existence of the above-mentioned law has the tendency to restrict the number of religions officially acknowledged by the State and to repress “dissident” or “heterodox” religious movements. As a consequence, the blasphemy law of the 1965 is rather used to restrict the freedom of religion and belief in the broad sense.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 26, 2020 - 5:12:14 AM
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Ayub Mursalin. LES RESTRICTIONS À LA LIBERTÉ DE RELIGION ET DE CONVICTION EN INDONÉSIE : GENÈSE ET ENJEUX CONTEMPORAINS DE LA LOI ANTI-BLASPHÈME DE 1965. Droit. Université Paris-Saclay/Université Paris-Sud, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02519385⟩

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