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L’expression de la finalité en chinois moderne entre série verbale et subordination, avec référence au français

Abstract : In Chinese, the serial verb construction (SVC) has been the center of many debates, regarding both its definition and the inventory of sentences which should be characterized as SVCs. Among the many functions of SVCs documented in the literature is that of expressing purpose. However, purpose SVCs are underdescribed in the literature, which has mainly focused on purpose subordinate clauses in complex sentences. We first propose a definition of purpose SVCs based on a set of formal and semantic criteria, then we carry out syntactic and semantic analysis of purpose SVC, and compare it with the subordinate purpose clause in a complex sentence. This analysis is based on a corpus of sentences collected in modern Chinese novels and television series. We also address in a specific chapter issues related to motion verbs meaning "to come" and "to go" when they are combined with a purpose VP, which are usually considered as prototypical SVCs. This allows us to discuss a number of related constructions sometimes analyzed as SVCs in the literature. Another chapter deals with the corresponding construction in French and in other European languages. We show that the C hinese purpose SVC is syntactically and semantically more integrated than the purpose clause in a complex sentence, but is less integrated than the corresponding French construction. We hope to contribute, through this work, to the research on modern Chinese CVS and on the constructions expressing purpose in this language, as well as to Chinese-French contrastive linguistics.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02480022, version 1

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Jian Song. L’expression de la finalité en chinois moderne entre série verbale et subordination, avec référence au français. Linguistique. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02480022v1⟩

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