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PLANIFICATION URBAINE ET DEVELOPPEMENT DU GRAND ABIDJAN : CAS DES VILLES D'ANYAMA, DE BINGERVILLE ET DE GRAND-BASSAM

Abstract : After the immediate independence period, the economic progress of Côte d’Ivoire has motivated the authorities to invest more in modernization of the country. To achieve this goal, the authorities have implemented urban policies based essentially on regional planning. The spatial development of the city of Abidjan and its surrounding cities (Anyama, Bingerville and Grand-Bassam) was guided at the beginning by several masterplans which contributed to implement an important development program in these cities. Despite this clear determination of the State to make these cities the sub-regional focal points of development, they always remain poor with infrastructure deficit, precarious housing etc. The cities of Grand Abidjan, those concentrate over one five of the country’s population and nearly 60 per cent of GDP raises as much hope as concern. The aim of the present contribution is to investigate the process of urbanization, explain the factors adversely affecting the achievement of the master plans, and finally analyze the current model of governance. Firstly, our research method is based essentially on qualitative data; secondly, we also used the quantitative data and the inventory of municipal investments in order to evaluate their effects on the living standards of the population. Thus, a series of surveys involving the administrative and semi-private structures have produced information related to the planning and management of our cities. The results of these investigations reveal that the system of urban planning in Cote d’Ivoire utilizes the conventional planning instruments (the design of plan on a large-scale, then, the zoning and the details of the road network) which are linked to the colonial and European planning method, that are nowadays obsolete and that elude the functional vision of the city. The managers of our communes which are the decentralized authorities who know more on the local population needs are rarely associated to the planning and management process totally controlled by the State government. Today, the masterplan is less considered as an urban planning tool than it was in the early seventies, although the development of Abidjan city was stimulated. The different actors of the cities consider it rather as an instrument of coordination of private and public actions sometimes in contradiction with the vision of the municipal authorities. Thus, to ameliorate the system of urban planning and management, we must design the new tools of urban planning and reduce the significant role of the local communities in land production by setting up a mechanism of common management between the government and local communities.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 30, 2020 - 11:14:20 PM
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Koutoua Amon Jean-Pierre, : Ouattara, Tiona Ferdinand, M Aloko-N', Guessan Jérôme, et al.. PLANIFICATION URBAINE ET DEVELOPPEMENT DU GRAND ABIDJAN : CAS DES VILLES D'ANYAMA, DE BINGERVILLE ET DE GRAND-BASSAM. Géographie. UNIVERSITE FELIX HOUPHOUËT BOIGNY ABIDJAN-COCODY, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02435354v2⟩

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