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Nasalité et syllabe : Une étude synchronique, diachronique et dialectologique du portugais européen

Abstract : ABSTRACT Vocalic nasalisation in Portuguese has been the subject of numerous studies, especially regarding (i) the status of nasal vowels: are they phonological nasal vowels (/Ṽ/) or complex syllable rhymes (/VN/ or /VV/)? And (ii) the changes responsible for the convergence of the Latin endings -ANE, -ONE, -ANU, -UDINE, -ANT and -UNT into the nasal diphthong -ão. We proceed with a critical analysis of the studies on this language’s syllable structure and nasal vowels to propose a new synchronic analysis of it, based on the “Strict CV” model of Government Phonology, where hierarchical constituents’ structures are replaced by lateral relations between positions. Our synchronic analysis will be based on three aspects: (i) on historical data, diachronic changes providing information on the conditions required for forming a nasal nucleus; (ii) on acoustic phonetic data, assuming that phonetic duration can be a correlate to nasal nuclei phonological complexity; (iii) on dialectal variation data. Lastly, in the diachronic part of this thesis, we demonstrate how the model we propose helps to explain the phonetic changes that either led to the creation of modern Portuguese nasal nuclei or prevented it.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 12, 2019 - 2:21:54 PM
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Heglyn Pimenta. Nasalité et syllabe : Une étude synchronique, diachronique et dialectologique du portugais européen. Linguistique. Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02407284⟩

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