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Construire des immeubles au royaume des maisons La densification des bourgs périurbains franciliens par le logement collectif : modalités, intérêts et limites

Abstract : Gradually, densification has been regarded in public policies as an optimal urban planning model, thus requiring French communes to strengthen their legislation. At the same time, the peri-urban was the object of critical speeches. But peri-urban is increasingly seen as a mature territory, and its perception has changed, especially because researches like the BIMBY program shown that peri-urban areas can be densifiable. We study another type of densification than the BIMBY, which focused on the densification of individual habitat by individual housing. We are interested in the densification in the Parisian peri-urban, and in particular of its local centralities - the towns - by the construction of collective housing. Even if peri-urban is mostly seen as the place of the individual housing, a significant part of collective housing remains, and new constructions are realized, influenced by the laws SRU and ALUR, and by the SDRIF. We have identified 130 buildings in nearly 250 municipalities in the parisian suburban area built between 2009 and 2013. We analyzed their architecture, the transformations of the neighborhoods, but also the governance put in place to realize these constructions, breaking with the traditional ways of building on these towns. Last but not least, we interviewed almost one hundred inhabitants of these new buildings so as to understand why they chose to live– and if they chose to live - in an apartment in a peri-urban commune. In the peri-urban communes of the Ile-de-France region, densification by collective housings remains complicated (high cost, lack of engineering, local protests). Moreover, densification is not always conducive to architectural and urban quality: the resulting constructions are reflected in a new architectural standard, pastiching, which often flouts its inscription in a local urban and landscape project. Despite these difficulties, that we will explain, we will also show densification achievements in the peri-urban area that have led to an improvement in the quality of life in these municipalities. We will indeed try to shows the conditions of a high quality densification in the parisian péri-urban.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02340990
Contributor : Claire FONTICELLI Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 10:59:56 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 7, 2021 - 5:50:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 1, 2020 - 2:06:38 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02340990, version 1

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Claire Fonticelli. Construire des immeubles au royaume des maisons La densification des bourgs périurbains franciliens par le logement collectif : modalités, intérêts et limites. Géographie. Institut Agronomique Vétérinaire et Forestier de France, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02340990⟩

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