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Pensée de la forme / Forme de la pensée dans le Wenxin diaolong 文心雕龍 (Esprit de Littérature) du poéticien chinois Liu Xie 劉勰 (ca. 465-521)

Abstract : This very study of the first and only treatise on literature in Classical Chinese history composed around 500 shows how its author Liu Xie conceived what is usually called genre, style, and author's writing. Chapter one lays the foundation. It deals with the discussion on the overall architecture of the book by looking back on the different editions that were transmitted. It offers an interpretation of the architecture by discussing the order of the chapters which has been challenged in the past century. Within this structure, four chapters are related to the issue of form. Chapter two focuses on the first pair of these chapters, i.e. « Tixing » (Body and Nature) and « Fenggu » (Wind and Bone). This body of texts is introduced, translated and annotated. The commentary that follows focuses on the key-concepts at stake in these texts. A reflection on catachresis and syllepsis brings us to demonstrate that a literary body can be both normed and individual, that the bone is a structuring tension, and that the wind is a rhythm that carries emotions. Chapter three links theory and practice. It links the genre described in the chapter « Songzan » (Praise and Celebration) with the celebrations composed by Liu Xie himself. The chapter is first translated and studied. Liu Xie's prescriptions are compared with the characteristics of the celebrations that close each of the chapters of the treatise. This research thus reflects upon the establishment of a normative discourse and on theoretical issues involving an individualized writing which is still a field meditation for specialists of literature.
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Marie Bizais. Pensée de la forme / Forme de la pensée dans le Wenxin diaolong 文心雕龍 (Esprit de Littérature) du poéticien chinois Liu Xie 劉勰 (ca. 465-521). Littératures. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-02332420⟩

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