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La Savante des Lumières françaises, histoire d'une persona : pratiques, représentations, espaces et réseaux

Abstract : This research brings together women’s history and the history of science on the roles of women in science during the French Enlightenment (1715-1815). The aim is not only to identify women’s modes of action in the eighteenth century and to ascertain the knowledge these women mastered and produced, but also to analyze the dynamics of the circulation networks of this knowledge. In order to avoid confining these women to presumptively defined roles, which are often present-day categories, it is the scientific practices that guide this study, rather than a disciplinary or “professional” approach. Due to the fact that few archival traces of these women exist in scholarly institutions, the reconstruction of their itineraries is based on a biographical approach. This history “from below” of the persona of the Enlightenment Savante sheds light on some of these women’s participation in scientific production, considered as an enterprise with its different actors, its division of labor, its hierarchies, its economy, etc. For example, the career path of Marie-Louise Dupiéry (1746-1830) reveals the daily organization of scholarly work in the astronomy workshop of Jérôme Lalande (1732-1807), and thus contributes to the writing of the history of these invisible technicians. This research also challenges the common periodization of the Age of Enlightenment, which presents the Revolution as the tipping or breaking point between eighteenth and nineteenth century practices and epistemology.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02317622
Contributor : Isabelle Lemonon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 11:07:39 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 6:02:12 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02317622, version 1

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Isabelle Lémonon-Waxin. La Savante des Lumières françaises, histoire d'une persona : pratiques, représentations, espaces et réseaux. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. EHESS - Paris, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02317622⟩

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