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Temporaires en permanence Une ethnologie du travail intérimaire "non-qualifié"

Abstract : Temporary work is a way of using the workforce which allows companies to hire and repeal the labour with ease. This thesis reports the social condition of the "unskilled" temporary workers. How is their place built within the production units? What are the effects of the instability of their jobs on their social life, their work relations and their technical skills? The ethnological investigation took place over several years through a participative observation, as a temporary worker, within various companies in the South East of France. The reflection belongs to the field of the ethnology of work. The analysis is based on the examination of the working conditions, by paying a particular attention on techniques, by questioning the know-how and their transmission, as well as by observing tools and the more or less incomplete knowledge given to temporary workers by the user companies. This thesis also describes the paths they can follow in the production units; from their sidelining to their inclusion in the work collectives. All these dimensions are crossed and directed by the temporary nature of this type of hiring. Every time a mission ends and every time another one begins, temporary employees have to build other relationships, find other habits and operate new techniques, just as temporary and uncertain, thus losing recent barely integrated automatisms. The specific know-how and the practical adaptations which they develop in front of this situation of indecision are examined in this thesis. It also seems that the productive and subjective mobilization of the temporary workers depends on the potential duration of their missions; an uncertain duration which is the object of ambiguities. This contractual vulnerability has diverse effects depending on the aspirations of each employee and their use of temporary work. Without control over one's timetable and one's future it is the whole social integration process which is affected.
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Philippe Rosini. Temporaires en permanence Une ethnologie du travail intérimaire "non-qualifié". Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Aix-Marseille I; ED 355 – ESPACES, CULTURES, SOCIETES, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-02123655⟩

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