Gouverner ou être gouverné ? Une approche par les échelles de la transformation du pouvoir et de l'autorité de l'État à travers de la politique publique d'immigration et d'intégration de quatre villes frontières en Israël

Abstract : Mutations of scales of power, as well as the role of immigration in the physical and symbolic production of the city, are analysed through immigrant integration policies in the cities of Acre, Arad, Kiryat Gat and Kiryat Shmona in Israel. Jewish immigration policies, as defined by the State of Israel from 1950s onwards, are challenged by decentralisation. However, only some local governments actively make local immigrant integration policies. The inquiry shows that these mid-sized cities proactively formulate a local policy in order to “choose” the immigrants that settle on the one hand; and to access new channels of public resources on the other hand.In that context, the implementation of an immigrant policy in the city leads to interdependence between actors located at various scales of power. With the fragmentation of responsibilities, actors compete to obtain the public and private resources for immigrant integration. Immigration is part of the making of place. Through the reintegration of former waves of immigration, and the imagined potential of future immigrants, immigration is foreseen as a demographic, economic or cultural renewal. It is a lever to redefine the development scales of those frontier towns.Keywords: Scales, governance, local governments, places, mid-sized cities, biographical method, immigration, integration policies, Israel.
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Amandine Desille. Gouverner ou être gouverné ? Une approche par les échelles de la transformation du pouvoir et de l'autorité de l'État à travers de la politique publique d'immigration et d'intégration de quatre villes frontières en Israël. Géographie. Université de Poitiers; Tel-Aviv university, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017POIT5007⟩. ⟨tel-02094509⟩

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