Métamorphoses de l'État productiviste : le management public du fordisme au néolibéralisme, saisi à partir de ses savoirs de gouvernement

Abstract : At the end of 1910', Max Weber wrote : in the sphere of everyday affairs, domination "consists precisely in administration". If he could come back one century later, he would say : "It consists in management." How to understand, from the viewpoint of an history of public and private bureaucracies, the current invasion of the public sphere by management technics ? This PhD in historical sociology studies the rise in business companies, and propagation in state administrations, of several power apparatuses in France from 1945 to nowadays. If we don't want to satisfy ourselves with the lazy explanation which relates it to "neoliberalism", we must replace the whole transformation into the long term history of public wage labor and the reinvention of capitalism. Main instrument of the first managerial revolution, management by objectives gave birth to a new organization of the firm : an individualized government of executives by numbers, directed towards the unlimited growth of the productivity of the work force. High civil servants from the national economic planning tried without success to transpose this kind of managerial bureaucracy into ministries : not in the name of "the market", but of employees' control, GDP growth and the power of French State. In the completely different context of 1990-2000' and financial capitalism, LOLF and RGPP finally instituted this government of public ser-vices by objectives, to serve a new end : public spending reduction. Health systems, tax collec-tion, administrative offices or unemployment offices have been reorganized on the basis of the integrated fordist firm model of the 1970'. Some high civil servants are now trying to radicalize this project with the imposition of a new kind of organization, even more dangerous to a democratic public service : the neoliberal bureaucracy of the network-firm arising from the second managerial revolution of 1980-1990', in which an important element is the government of direct producers by an individual competition, formalized by human resources managers.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 9, 2019 - 11:24:43 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 1:24:41 AM

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Brice Nocenti. Métamorphoses de l'État productiviste : le management public du fordisme au néolibéralisme, saisi à partir de ses savoirs de gouvernement. Sociologie. Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02093795⟩

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