Fiscalité environnementale, dette publique et croissance économique : une analyse macroéconomique

Abstract : Environmental policies, especially those using fiscal instruments, have become more and more important in a large number of countries over the last three decades. All OECD countries have introduced environmentally related taxes, and a growing number of them are carrying out a so-called "green" reform of their taxation. The use of the tax as an instrument for environmental policy has sparked wide debate among researchers on its impacts on economic growth, but without reaching consensus on the nature of these effects. Some find a negative effect; while others show a positive impact. Two points raised our attention on this subject. First, the empirical studies that verify the validity of these results are very rare. Second, the majority of theoretical models that have studied the effect of environmental taxation on economic growth assume that the government finances its expenditures solely through taxes and that the state budget is balanced each period, thus avoiding any burden associated to repayment of public debt. Therefore, this thesis aims firstly to explore empirically the nature of the relationship between environmental taxation and economic growth, and whether this relationship is sensitive to the level of other variables in the economy. We examine then the channels through which this tax can affect economic growth, and whether the existence and level of public debt can modify this effect.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 5:40:11 PM
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Mahmoud Hassan. Fiscalité environnementale, dette publique et croissance économique : une analyse macroéconomique. Economies et finances. Université d'Angers, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ANGE0015⟩. ⟨tel-02090922v2⟩

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