Militants de l'autrement. Sociologie politique de l'engagement et des carrières militantes chez Les Verts / EELV

Abstract : Combining a biographical approach and an ethnographic inquiry, and incorporating the concepts of habitus, institution, and career, we analyzed social, biographical and party rationales that structure the political engagement and careers of Green activists. An examination of their social itineraries, since the creation of the party in 1984, revealed the predominant presence of (ex-) Catholics and several distinct ’68 generations. On the rise socially and often politicized very early, both groups share a tendency towards asceticism and empathy with minorities, making it possible for them to resist the harshness of the party ideologization and socialization processes. Having restructured their habitus in the “minority” mode, activists see themselves as a political and social avant-garde, and are determined to distinguish themselves in the political field by embodying an ideal of “another kind of politics”. They form a continually renewed – but numerically constant – group of activists interested in the elaboration of an autonomous political offer, and in electoral competition. Thanks to the acquisition or reconversion of capital, they enter politics, most often favored by specialization in a particular sector, and draw up and implement public policies for which they are responsible. However, soon confined to political and institutional “niches”, despite a successful political apprenticeship and a capacity to play their different roles strategically, in most cases, they only manage to remain in the status of political (semi-) professional, at a cost to a potential career.
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Vanessa Jérome. Militants de l'autrement. Sociologie politique de l'engagement et des carrières militantes chez Les Verts / EELV. Science politique. Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-02087748⟩

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