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Phonétique et sémantique dans le lexique de l’arabe : Le ’ibdāl dans la tradition grammaticale arabe, l’étude de la matrice {[coronal], [dorsal]}

Abstract : The thesis comprises two main parts : one historical and the other theoretical. The first part is a study of the ’ibdāl in which several salient works are analysed. Four Arab scholars whose works are the most important in the area under consideration are studied : Ibn al-Sikkīt, Al-Zajjājī, Abū al-Ṭayyib al-Luġawī and Ibn Jinnī. We examine the way in which, within the framework of the Arabic grammatical tradition, the lexicographers and grammarians have apprehended the phonetic and semantic similarities present in the Arabic lexicon and which are referred to by the name : ’ibdāl. The second part is a contribution to the theory of matrices and etymons (TME) elaborated by G. Bohas. We apply TME to the study of the {[coronal], [dorsal]} matrix which has a substantial lexical corpus. We endeavour to demonstrate that meaning is organized around a matrix of features (a macro-significant) associated with a macro-signifié. We also examine the polysemic, homonymic or enantiosemic relationships which are present within the same lexical heading, establishing the typology of these semantic combinations arising from the crossing of etymons.
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Contributor : Salam Diab-Duranton <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 4, 2019 - 11:00:00 AM
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Salam Diab-Duranton. Phonétique et sémantique dans le lexique de l’arabe : Le ’ibdāl dans la tradition grammaticale arabe, l’étude de la matrice {[coronal], [dorsal]}. Linguistique. école normale supérieure, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01969484⟩

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