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Theses

Récit autoritaire, thème de la pureté et place du lecteur dans Yûkoku (Patriotisme) et Honba (Chevaux échappés) de Mishima Yukio

Abstract : My thesis, entitled “Authoritarian Fiction, the Theme of Purity and the Place of the Reader in Yūkoku (Patriotism) and Honba (Runaway Horses) by Mishima Yukio”, questions the relation between ideology and literature in two of Mishima’s most controversial works: the short story Yūkoku, first published in January 1961, and the novel Honba, the second volume of Hōjō no umi (The Sea of Fertility, 1965-1970) serialized between February 1967 and August 1968, and published in one volume in February 1969. In the first part of my dissertation, I show that Yūkoku and Honba —by staging mythical heroes devoted to the Emperor, opposing pure and young characters to corrupted ones— schematically correspond to the genre of ideological novel as depicted in the seminal work of Susan Rubin Suleiman on French “roman à thèse” (Authoritarian Fictions, the Ideological Novel as a Literary Genre, 1983). In Japan as in the western world, many critics have reacted adversely to the biased (if not sectarian) content of these texts. In the second and third parts of my thesis — the former devoted to Yûkoku and the latter to Honba — I aim at unveiling the complexity of these texts and show how they also provide original answers to authoritarian fictions’ specific challenge of reconciling ideology (which implies monosemy, manicheism and redundancies) with literature (which implies polysemy and ambiguity). The specific and twisted use of stereotypes, the themes of nihilism and simulacrum, or the complex rhetorical devices presents in this text supply our thoughts and offer new insights in both the fields of literary theory and Mishima studies.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 4, 2018 - 2:49:37 PM
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Thomas Garcin. Récit autoritaire, thème de la pureté et place du lecteur dans Yûkoku (Patriotisme) et Honba (Chevaux échappés) de Mishima Yukio. Littératures. Université de Lyon, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01944216⟩

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