Les créoles de l'île Maurice des années 1930 à l'indépendance : processus de construction identitaire d'une communauté

Abstract : Between 1936 and 1969, the very heterogeneous group of Creoles of Mauritius will be projected in the long decolonization of its small island territory. In the struggle for better social and political rights and equality with the settlers, the Creoles became an indispensable political force. But soon, weakened by their divisions and socio-economic fragility, they were overtaken by the Indian majority of this island of plantations of the Indian Ocean. The result is the creation of a Christian front that will fight an Indian independence feared by the minorities. In this struggle, the Creoles will finally become aware of the identity of their own group. But during the electoral defeat of 1967 and the misfortunes of the ensuing 1968 riots, they realized that in this pluralistic society communalism had struck them hard. Between the exile and the marginalization of Mauritian society, this new community, which had just emerged from the vortices of decolonization, is sinking into a deep crisis, a "Creole malaise" which dramatically pursues it today.
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Jérémy Chilin. Les créoles de l'île Maurice des années 1930 à l'indépendance : processus de construction identitaire d'une communauté. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC029⟩. ⟨tel-01895961⟩

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