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Composer des relations entre "science" et "gestion de la nature": ethnographie des frontières, casquettes et controverses dans les conseils scientifiques.

Abstract : Nature conservation policies are founded on the mobilization of numerous scientists in multipleorganizations at different scales. In France, the scientific councils of protected areas are propitious places tostudy the relationships between science, society and nature. Participants in these councils confront theirknowledge, disciplines, professional points of view and representations to negotiate nature managementpractices. But these organizations were so far surprisingly little known. Drawing on science studies and thesociology of professional groups, this thesis proposes an ethnographic approach to analyze the effects ofinterprofessional relationships in different science regimes. The methodology combines ethnography ofalpine protected areas, quantitative surveys and a work on images and videos.The thesis proposes an overview of the scientific councils’ organizations and missions in the sector ofenvironmental public action in order to understand their place in the expertise field. It documents the onstageand backstage role of these organizations in the making of nature conservation policies. It thendescribes the construction of interprofessional collectives at the interface between knowledge and action,between shifting boundaries. The development of an active relational context forms complex interactionalmodes oscillating between expertise and collaboration, between proximities and distances. Therelationships between scientists and practitioners produce adjustments to preserve the distance betweenscience and action and the impermeability of their boundary. Finally, the thesis invites to think about thepossible conjunction of different science regimes in order to open expertise processes to other kinds ofknowledge and legitimacy.
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Contributor : Gaëlle Ronsin <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 18, 2018 - 7:58:05 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 8:58:01 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-01818257, version 1


Gaëlle Ronsin. Composer des relations entre "science" et "gestion de la nature": ethnographie des frontières, casquettes et controverses dans les conseils scientifiques.. Sociologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-01818257⟩



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