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Développement de l'astronomie française en Algérie (1830-1938) astronomie de province ou astronomie coloniale ?

Abstract : “French astronomy development in Algeria” describes and analyses the practices of the actors of the sciences of the observatory, in the colonial context, between 1830 and 1938. During the first identified period (1830-1855), civil and military scientists develop meteorology on the Algerian territory which is under the control of the French army. They act with a view to assisting the fights and to spread the image of an agricultural colony conducive to settlement. The first meteorological network organized by the French state unfolds in 1841 in the conquered space. Temporary observatories are organized, mainly for geographic purposes. Under pressure from the civil settlers of Algeria and as a change of political regime happens, a civil astronomical station is based in Algiers in 1858. It has a large telescope, the largest in France, for a prestigious astronomical program. Between 1855 and 1885, the actors operate in a framework of autonomy from the centre of Paris and practices vary between innovation, such as weather forecasts, and services to the General Government. The last period, between 1885 and 1938, is the one of the astrometry refracting telescopes. These instruments allow the determination of geographical positions. Initiated by the military penetration of the Algerian Sahara and the beginnings of colonial higher education in Algiers, the period was marked by the construction of a permanent observatory. On the site of the Bouzaréah, an astrometric tradition develops, particularly characterized by the participation in the Carte du ciel program.
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Contributor : Frédéric Soulu Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 10, 2018 - 7:33:56 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:11:56 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 24, 2018 - 1:51:08 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01765547, version 1


Frederic Soulu. Développement de l'astronomie française en Algérie (1830-1938) astronomie de province ou astronomie coloniale ?. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Nantes Faculté des sciences et des techniques, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01765547⟩



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