L'ENSEIGNEMENT DU BERBERE : ANALYSE COMPAREE ALGERIE/MAROC

Abstract : Our work consists of a comparative sociolinguistic analysis of the contexts, methods of integration and implementation of Berber language teaching in Algeria (from 1995 to 2015) and Morocco (from 2003 to 2015) following changes to institutional linguistic policies. These changes were brought in, over quite a short period of time (a decade), to regulate and/or anticipate social pressure in favour of the introduction of Berber in state schools. The examination of each of the three contexts consists of : A descriptive angle: Departing from the empirical observation of the existence of points of convergence and divergence between the two countries in this “new Berber education policy”. We describe the structuration of teaching, the choices in relation to which language to teach, its standardisation, its graphic codification, as well as the objectives and didactic techniques implemented. This description confirms and discerns the continuities and discontinuities between the two states’ experiences. An analytical angle: Our objective has been to seek out a sociolinguistic signification to this differentiated education. Diverse sources and materials resulting from fieldwork in the two countries are analysed with the aim of creating a transdisciplinary evaluation in light of conceptual work developed in the field of Berber studies, namely “peripheral” sociolinguistics, « language planning » and institutional tools. The interrogation of synchronic and diachronic data allows us to identify the essential points of convergence and divergence between the two States and to affirm the institutionalised nature of the minoration of the Berber language.
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Nacira Abrous. L'ENSEIGNEMENT DU BERBERE : ANALYSE COMPAREE ALGERIE/MAROC. Linguistique. AMU - Aix Marseille Université; ECOLE DOCTORALE 355– ESPACES, CULTURES, SOCIETES UMR7310-CNRS-AMU| Thèse pour l'obtention du grade de Docteur d'Aix-Marseille Université 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01753777⟩

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