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La réorganisation du pouvoir politique au Japon : la haute fonction publique dans le système politique japonais des années 1990 à nos jours

Abstract : In a State’s political system, the role that the bureaucracy plays constitutes a central issue, as the efficiency of the government’s policies and the realization of the democratic principle are at stake. From the 1990’s on, the bureaucracy has suffered a lot of criticisms blaming its failures and its allegedly excessive autonomy from the elected political power. Thus, at the beginning of the 21st century, many reforms inspired by the New Public Management movement were implemented, in order to – among other things – reinforce the political leadership and control over the senior civil servants. Our work examines these reforms and analyses the evolutions perceived in the decision-making process and in the politico-administrative relations during the last fifteen years, while rejecting the oversimplifying approach that necessarily brings in opposition elected politicians and civil servants. The case studies of the government Koizumi (2001-2006) and the Democratic Party of Japan’s governments (2009-2012), which revealed incremental transformations but also the persistence of some pre-existing practices, invite us to consider other explanatory variables than the mere institutional change. In order to do so, we use theoretical tools created by the multiple neo-institutionalisms, insisting on the ‘weight of the past’ and on the influence of the different ideas shared by the actors. We base our work on a corpus of primary and secondary sources, especially written in Japanese, on quantitative data, and also on some interviews conducted with Japanese senior civil servants.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 13, 2018 - 5:03:58 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01730949, version 1

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Arnaud Grivaud. La réorganisation du pouvoir politique au Japon : la haute fonction publique dans le système politique japonais des années 1990 à nos jours. Science politique. Université paris diderot, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01730949⟩

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