Genre et engagement : devenir "porteur-e de valises" en guerre d'Algérie (1954-1966)

Charlotte Gobin 1, 2
2 LARHRA GENRE - Genre
LARHRA - LAboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes - UMR5190
Abstract : At the crossroads of three historical fields (gender studies, history of collective actions and history of the Algerian war of Independence), this PhD thesis questions the way men and women, whether French or European, have been urged to position themselves against the French politics in Algeria and then to join the clandestine support to the National front of Liberation (FLN), becoming “porteur∙e∙s de valises”.The prosopographical approach adopted allows to retrace the many processes that led some men and women to clandestinely give support to the Algerian nationalists, while highlighting the diversity of the socialisation processes, the matrix of commitment and of entering in militant activities. Such an approach also allows to re-examine the forms and modalities of the clandestine support to the FLN, and thus, to underline their variety, which has often been undermined by the generic term “porteur∙e∙s de valises”. This prosopographical approach finally questions the consequences of this clandestine support, be them biographical or militant.Questioning the gender of such a commitment, in support to the clandestine FLN and in the very context of the Algerian war allows to both enrich and qualify the traditional analysis of this kind of support. This research reveals the social and historical construction of femininity and masculinity, from which comes out a hierarchised and gendered bi-categorisation that conditions, structures or influences the process on entering into militantism, but also the ways of militancy and, finally, the analysis of collective actions.
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Charlotte Gobin. Genre et engagement : devenir "porteur-e de valises" en guerre d'Algérie (1954-1966). Sociologie. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE2003⟩. ⟨tel-01718520v2⟩

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