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Politique linguistique intérieure de la Chine : entre unité et diversité. Le débat autour du cantonais au début du 21e siècle

Abstract : This study aims to examine the language policy of China through the prism of the “Movement for the defense of Cantonese” which happened during the summer of 2010. The general context studied is from the 1950s to the present days. In the summer of 2010, several demonstrations in the name of defending Cantonese broke out in Guangzhou and Hong Kong, resulting in numerous media spillovers and a series of political effects. The debate revealed a topic which has long been neglected in China’s language planning: the question of dialects. Ever since the beginning of the Mandarin promotion campaign in 1955, little attention has been paid to the status of other languages of the Han ethnic group, conventionally called "dialects". Nowadays, as China’s language situation is becoming more and more dynamics and complex under the influence of urbanization, globalization and the promotion of Mandarin, the demand for a balance between unity and diversity has become increasingly important in the country’s domestic language planning. Based on the debate over Cantonese, this study tries to understand the synergy between practice, management and ideology as well as the articulation of macro and micro perspectives in China's language policy. It also highlights the fact that if China’s domestic linguistic policy is now in the spotlight of academic attention in China, it owes partly to the movement for the defense of Cantonese in 2010.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 2, 2018 - 11:06:37 AM
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Yufei Guo. Politique linguistique intérieure de la Chine : entre unité et diversité. Le débat autour du cantonais au début du 21e siècle. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCF010⟩. ⟨tel-01699287⟩

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