Parcours de formation et d'insertion: une comparaison des systèmes éducatifs Français et Suisse à l'aune de la théorie des Capabilités

Abstract : International comparisons in the field of education seem to be particularly in vogue at the moment, as reflected in the proliferation of books on the subject, the burgeoning number of international reports and a fresh upsurge in standardised student assessments. In this thesis, education systems are examined from the perspective of their ability to contribute to equality and in particular to create opportunities for individuals. We particularly focus on France and Switzerland, two systems in which organisation of education is fundamentally different. The Swiss education system can be compared with the systems in German-speaking countries (Germany, Austria). The educational system differ from the system in a country like France: not only is the common-core syllabus shorter but vocational training is also conceived of differently. It is associated with a much stronger sense of vocation among trainees and the school-work transition is much more institutionalised.The Swiss and French education systems are then compared in the light of Amartya Sen’s theory of capabilities. This theory allows us to investigate the degree of freedom that individuals have in their trajectories and the range of opportunities available to them, what might be called their ‘opportunities space’. Then we analyse how opportunities and constraints open up and close off over time in each education system. Considering that the analysis of people free choices and opportunities require a dynamic approach, the empirical part is based on two longitudinal database. For Switzerland, we make use TREE (Transition from Education to Employment) and the DEPP-EVA panel for France (Department of Evaluation, Forecasting and Performance - Adulthood Entry).
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Noémie Olympio. Parcours de formation et d'insertion: une comparaison des systèmes éducatifs Français et Suisse à l'aune de la théorie des Capabilités. Economies et finances. Aix Marseille Université, Faculté des Sciences économiques et de Gestion d'Aix-Marseille; LEST UMR 7317, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01686324⟩

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