Pour une approche comportementale de l'espace géographique : Applications et perspectives dans l'étude des mobilités quotidiennes et résidentielles en milieu urbain

Abstract : The recent period is characterized by the raising awareness of the gradual depletion of numerous natural resources and the irreversibility of the impact of certain human activities on the environment. This new approach to man-environment relations has stimulated a renewed interest in the study of human behaviour, which is now envisaged as a resource to be mobilized to mitigate the negative externalities of these anthropogenic activities. This habilitation thesis deals more specifically with the question of mobility behaviours in the urban space that raises major environmental and socio-economic issues. The main research question is to analyse how daily and residential mobility behaviours structure and are structured by urban space. The theoretical and empirical approach is based on a dialectic between the concepts of practices (e.g. the choice of places of activity and mode choice) and representations (through residential preferences or social representations of transport modes) to consider the complexity of choices and behaviour. These behaviours are modelled by integrating the characteristics of intra-urban spatial structures, making it possible to give a geographical interpretation of these practices and representations in terms of density gradients, socio-demographic composition of the neighbourhoods or accessibility to urban amenities. The empirical results allow to identify actions, in terms of planning or communication, that can promote a more sustainable urban development and mobility, from an environmental and social point of view.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Samuel Carpentier-Postel. Pour une approche comportementale de l'espace géographique : Applications et perspectives dans l'étude des mobilités quotidiennes et résidentielles en milieu urbain. Géographie. Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, 2017. ⟨tel-01659674⟩

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