Engagement et conversion politique en conjoncture critique. La trajectoire d'un pionnier de la Résistance. Emmanuel d'Astier, de l'Action française dans les années 1930 au Parti communiste à la Libération

Abstract : This thesis questions the social causes of the political conversion of a pioneer of Resistance, the journalist Emmanuel d’Astier (1900-1969). Born in a family of the catholic and conservative aristocracy, Emmanuel d’Astier act during the 1930’s as a bohemian journalist and the author of anti-Semitic and anti-republican articles. In 1940, he is the former of one of the first collective organizations whici fight against the Nazi occupation of France. A great opponant of the regime of Vichy during the Second World War, he becomes a deputy and a friend of communism after the Liberation. His activism in the Resistance plays a major role in his political conversion. To understand the social path of Emmanuel d’Astier, we must analyze the mechanisms and the processes of his social construction. First, we must examine the long-term temporality during which the actor is formed by his biographical experiences. Secondly, we must examine how the short-term temporality of activism articulates with the biographical long-term temporality. We must understand the social conditions and the biographical consequences of high-risk activism. Ultimately, this thesis articulates a sociology of the socialization with a sociology of collective action. It questions the many ways in which individual paths and collective paths meet, and how individual paths stems from these confluences.
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Aurélien Raynaud. Engagement et conversion politique en conjoncture critique. La trajectoire d'un pionnier de la Résistance. Emmanuel d'Astier, de l'Action française dans les années 1930 au Parti communiste à la Libération. Sociologie. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01637835⟩

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