La terre entre racines, épargnes et spéculations. Appropriations foncières et recompositions de l'espace rural à Regueb (Tunisie)

Mathilde Fautras 1
1 Mosaïques
LAVUE - Laboratoire Architecture, Ville, Urbanisme, Environnement
Abstract : This Ph.D. dissertation examines the changes in the Tunisian rural areas from the perspective of land appropriation in the region of Regueb as a case study. Through an in situ investigation combining observations, questionnaires and interviews, the study focuses on the evolution of the land uses and the bundles of powers (access, management, sales) endowed by the farmers. This approach makes it possible to understand how this evolution both impacts the organisation of the rural space and how it is a consequence of it. Our data underlines the growing diversity of the farmers’ logic (peasant, entrepreneurial, speculative) and the social and economic inequalities between the farmers. This process is a result of the public policies that were enforced at the start of the colonial capitalist economy (end of the 19th century). The individualization of ownership and the land commodification have weakened the social security that used to exist at the time of the old common tribal territory, exposing the owners to the instability of the market and land precariousness. On the one hand, peasants are tempted to sell their land in an entrepreneurial way; on the other hand, they are willing to keep it for its symbolic value and as a securing capital. This precariousness is also fed by the multifaceted pressure of the land market and by the inequalities of access to the principal resources (money, water, market). In spite of the strategies they use, peasants face huge constraints. This study brings new light on the social contests that have been affecting the region since 2010 and contributed to the departure of President Ben Ali leave in 2011.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 27, 2017 - 7:23:34 PM
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Mathilde Fautras. La terre entre racines, épargnes et spéculations. Appropriations foncières et recompositions de l'espace rural à Regueb (Tunisie). Géographie. Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (Paris 10), 2017. Français. ⟨tel-01625597⟩

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