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L'humour créole réunionnais : dynamique linguistique et culturelle (1963 - 2011)

Abstract : The research Creole Studies is based on a complex linguistic, social and historiographical framework, represented in the live shows of Réunionese comedians, major contributors to the oral tradition across 48 years. The discussion explores the theories of humour defined by Freud S. (1905) and Stora-Standor J. (2015). Questioning the sematic schema of humour elaborated by Attardo S. (1994) a new schema, specific to the situation of Créole Réunionese, is established thanks to a comparative study of lexicographical works on Créole Réunionese (1972-2014). This thesis leads to the linguistic formalization of a semantic field of humour, with the universal and specific schemas of Réunionese Créoles. The corpus of live performances, selected from a body of 131 productions, includes 661 quotes from 59 shows, totalling 6 hours, comprised of 119 characters are from the following performers: Cazal (1963), Kichenin (1965), Vabois (1979, 1990), Jardinot (1989, 1990, 2011) Mangaye and Cadet (2005), Sinaman and Faubourg (2011). The historiography of humour in Réunion Island from 1804 to 2017 and confirms the hypothesis of a convergence between mass entertainment originating in the oral tradition and reinvented by the comedians. Créole language humour, thus reconstructed in 10 semantic fields and 200 lexical units, shows a key to the lexicon of humour at the intersection of syntactic and semantic data (Staudacher-Valliamée G., 2004, 2010). The collective Créole knowledge used on stage and in the new communication technologies identifies a grammatical class of interjection, the use of humour in referencing linguistic signs, the implementation of 50 linguistic and cultural methods.
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Francky Lauret. L'humour créole réunionnais : dynamique linguistique et culturelle (1963 - 2011). Linguistique. Université de la Réunion, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LARE0011⟩. ⟨tel-01623602⟩

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