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Les constructions verbales en wolof : vers une typologie de la prédication, de l'auxiliation et des périphrases

Abstract : This thesis is a study of Wolof verbal constructions in a typological perspective. Based on available descriptions of Wolof verbal conjugation, I first provide a summary of the system of verbal predication in the light of the typological literature. Contrary to what is observed in many languages, most Wolof verbal categories are expressed periphrastically. The typological analysis of these periphrastic constructions provides us with the empirical basis to propose a new approach to the notion of “auxiliary”. I argue that auxiliaries should not be cross-linguistically defined as items belonging to a specific lexical class or as items on a grammaticalisation path but rather as autonomous predicative elements with a specific function. In addition, I propose a constructional analysis of the organisation of the verbal predication system of Wolof. The entirety of Wolof verbal constructions is not assumed to form an unstructured set of independent entities, but it is instead taken to constitute a highly structured system (a network of constructions). Furthermore, some apparent idiosyncrasies in the conjugation paradigm of Wolof can be explained from a diachronic point of view. Finally, I provide a comparative analysis of verbal constructions in Atlantic languages in order to determine which elements of the Wolof conjugation are inherited from Proto-Atlantic.
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Maximilien Guérin. Les constructions verbales en wolof : vers une typologie de la prédication, de l'auxiliation et des périphrases. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCA057⟩. ⟨tel-01557412⟩



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