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Homs durant les dernières décennies ottomanes : les relations ville-campagne à travers les archives locales.

Abstract : This 
study 
takes 
place 
during 
the 
rule 
of 
the 
last 
great 
Ottoman
 Sultan, 
Abdelhamid
 II. 
It 
lies at 
the
 disciplinary 
intersection 
of
History
 of
 Law
 and 
Social 
History 
through 
the 
study 
of 
a 
unique source
 material;
 the
 registers
 from
 the
 secular
 court
 (mahkama
 nizâmiyya)
 of
 Homs,
 a
 small Middle 
Syrian 
city 
on 
the 
shores
 of
 the
 Orontes 
river. The 
geographical
 delimitation 
of 
Homs 
at 
this
time
 corresponds
 to
 the 
new 
enlarged administrative (and 
geographical) 
unit 
called 
qadâ’,
established
 in 
the 
XIX 
century
reorganisation 
of 
the 
Ottoman Empire 
that 
included
 significant 
natural 
resources.
This 
new circumscription
 is
 studied
 through
 the
 relations
 that
 are
 revealed
 in
 the
 court
 room
 in
 between actors
 and 
subsequently
 between 
these 
actors
 and
 their
 land
 at 
a
moment 
in
 time 
when 
institutional and
 in
 particular 
property
 related
 reforms
 are
 being
 applied. In
 this
 new
 legal
 institution;
 the
 secular
 court
 of
 first
 instance,
 whose
 legal
 and
 territorial authority
 recently
 had
 been
 extended,
 the
 inhabitants
 of
 the
 entire
 administrative
 subdivision gather
 to
 state
 their 
cause 
at
 their 
new
 administrative 
centre 
in 
Homs. Consequently,
 city-dwellers,
 peasants,
 Bedouins,
 land
 owners
 and
 land
 users,
 most
 of
 them anonymous,
 come 
to
 this
 court
room
 to
 claim 
their 
rights
 to
 the 
land
 they 
own
 and 
use 
and 
above all
 to 
legalise 
their 
recent 
property 
acquisitions. In
 this
 local
 context
 the
 implementation
 of
 the
 central
 reforms
 appear
 through
 the
 web
 of interaction 
that
 this
 city 
creates
 with
its 
hinterland
 through
 one
 of 
the 
newly
 established
 institutions in
 a
 period
 of
 institutional
 transition.
Complete list of metadatas

https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01531186
Contributor : Vanessa Guéno <>
Submitted on : Thursday, June 1, 2017 - 12:06:46 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 18, 2018 - 2:14:13 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Wednesday, September 6, 2017 - 7:01:54 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01531186, version 1

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Citation

U Erlaos, Vanessa Guéno. Homs durant les dernières décennies ottomanes : les relations ville-campagne à travers les archives locales. . Histoire. Université d'Aix-Marseille I, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-01531186⟩

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