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L’aristocratie laïque du Glamorgan et l’abbaye de Margam (1147-1283)

Abstract : The process of Europeanization of aristocratic elites in Wales in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries is the starting point of this study. It aims at understanding the mechanisms underlying the reception of the Continental aristocratic culture by the local aristocracy as well as the selection and adaptation of some Welsh cultural elements by the Anglo-Norman aristocracy. In order to grasp these mechanisms, this study revolves around Margam Abbey. It is considered as a possible “meeting place”, inherent to the process of interculturation of the Anglo-Norman and Welsh aristocratic elites from the mid-twelfth century to the end of the thirteenth century. The written production of Margam Abbey, founded by the earl of Gloucester in 1147, gives a rich corpus to draw the portrait of the lay aristocracy in Glamorgan.The portrait made in this study is representative of a multifaceted lay aristocracy. In spite of a cultural and social heterogeneousness, the birth of a common class identity to the aristocratic elites draws. Obtaining a role of agents of transition and transformation, the Cistercians answered the spiritual needs of the Welsh and Anglo-Norman nobles, all seeking the Holy Virgin intercession in order to win their salvation. In order to prevent any claim to transfers of property, the monastery secured the transactions by different adaptations to the specific practices of the lay aristocracy of Glamorgan. This recognition of the aristocratic particularities did not avoid the breaking of conflicts, sometimes violent, often settled before the county court. This latter appears as a second “meeting place” of the process of interculturation.As “meeting place”, Margam Abbey contributed to the Europeanization impacted the lesser Welsh aristocracy in Glamorgan, who adapted to the Continental models. However, this concept presents some significant limits. The Europeanization of the native elites was not complete, because they kept their cultural inheritance. It does not also shed light on the reverse process. So, the adaptation and selection of Welsh cultural elements by the Anglo-Norman aristocracy highlight the process of interculturation of the aristocratic elites in Glamorgan.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01526895, version 1

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Elodie Papin. L’aristocratie laïque du Glamorgan et l’abbaye de Margam (1147-1283). Histoire. Université d'Angers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ANGE0035⟩. ⟨tel-01526895⟩

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