Des chants en partage. L'épopée homérique comme expérience religieuse

Abstract : In the Homeric epics, gods and men are regularly presented in contact with each other. Far from considering the Iliad and the Odyssey as texts that allow us to know how the Greeks represented the gods, this dissertation focuses on the “presentification” of the gods: they enter into relation with the men who experience their presence. Moreover, from an anthropological perspective, I take into account context of the epic performance as a moment when gods are made present. Such a link between men and gods requires and at the same time makes possible that the audience is constituted as a community. Through to the singer's song, reciprocity, kharis, binds the men together with each other and with the gods. Thus, the “songs between gods and men” are a religious experience. I ground my work in a comparatist approach in order to explore the ritual dimension of the oral performance. Through close-reading, I analyze inspiration, divination and the gods' presence in the Homeric epics. The epic action and the poetic performance are characterized by co-agency. Indeed, men and gods need to collaborate for the efficacy of the performance, but they also collaborate in various epic actions. Heroes, diviners, and singers are not manipulated by th gods, nor are they mere mouthpieces. But they are able to be in contact and co-act with the gods. Thus, the Homeric epics shape polytheism while the performance as an event embodies it.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 6, 2017 - 2:45:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:40:09 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01503016, version 1

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Manon Brouillet. Des chants en partage. L'épopée homérique comme expérience religieuse. Histoire. EHESS - Paris, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01503016⟩

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