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Transition énergétique et géographie : le photovoltaïque au sol dans le sud de la France

Abstract : Began in 2002 with the establishment of a financial supervisory regime based on a system of feed-in tariffs, the photovoltaic public policy on the ground enriches French energy and climate public policy, which have since become public policies for “low carbon” energy transition. These policies are deployed in a context of openness to competition associated with the liberalization of the European national markets for electricity, means splitting production and increasing devolution of "Electricians" powers to public territorial players favoring multiplication and diversification of actors involved in the metropolitan French electrical system. These changes have initiated a process of territorialization of renewable energy and create a new geography of electricity. This thesis questions the place of the territories in the "low carbon" energy transition, in an analysis of regionalization of public policy photovoltaic power plant process in France, and discusses the emergence of a new geography of electricity. It articulates a study of the geography of photovoltaic power plant units in operation on 31 December 2015 in the southern territories of France with an actorial analysis of the spatial distribution of these new industrial infrastructures. It proposes to do this a typology of photovoltaic power plant initiators-actors and a typology of photovoltaic power plant developers-operators to highlight the new electric actors of the metropolitan French electrical system. It offers a wider study of regulatory systems and sets of actors at work in the implementation of photovoltaic power plant territories revealing the territorialization process of this renewable energy. It shows the incompleteness of photovoltaic power plant territorialization process in metropolitan France, limited by the growing role of central government in regulating the spatial deployment of the renewable energy and the moderate involvement of local authorities and linked local authorities. It refers to the traditional players of the metropolitan French electrical system and geography of electrical networks as factors tempering the emergence of the new geography seen electricity. It highlights, in the historic choice of all nuclear, a phenomenon of path dependency slowing the implementation of the “low carbon” energy transition in metropolitan France.
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Contributor : Kévin Duruisseau <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 17, 2017 - 12:33:37 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 2:14:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, June 18, 2017 - 1:25:52 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01491760, version 1


Kévin Duruisseau. Transition énergétique et géographie : le photovoltaïque au sol dans le sud de la France. Géographie. Aix-Marseille Université (AMU), 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01491760⟩



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