Temps, Espaces, Dynamiques de peuplement : la fin du Néolithique provençal

Abstract : The archaeological complexity of the transition between Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age can be characterized by a certain amount of elements found in the Provence area in the 3rd millennium BCE. Despite the fact that the work done by J. Cauliez in Provence provided a more structured chrono-cultural framework and a more diversified background concerning ceramic components in the Late Neolithic, the Bell Beaker event overlapping the various local traditions still appears as a crucial issue. It specifically relates to the understanding of domestic deposits in this period in terms of stratigraphic studies. Regarding the Bell Beaker more precisely - intriguing phenomenon, but that it is necessary to demystify to give it a more conventional place - its renown in sepulchral environment does not make its presence in the habitats of the Late Neolithic in Provence less abundant. Following the analysis of these different types of archaeological remains in these dwellings, we believed that an in-depth study on settlement patterns in the landscape must be carried out to better comprehend the emerging social and cultural mechanisms at the dawn of Bronze Age. Due to the set up of a relational database integrated with a Geographic Information System (GIS), new spatial items were generated on the georeferenced sites listed in our corpus. Finally, after the use of statistical multivariate and exploratory analysis based on archaeological data from bibliographic references and on new spatial data, a precise implantation’s characterization of each investigated deposits has been possible, first in Provence (426 establishments), then in Luberon (territorial analysis involving 70 sites) as well as an identification of significant trends regarding dwelling choices by the populations living in the 3rd millennium BCE.
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Agnès Caraglio. Temps, Espaces, Dynamiques de peuplement : la fin du Néolithique provençal. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Aix-Marseille-Université, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01452930⟩

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