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DYNAMIQUES ET MUTATIONS D᾽UNE FIGURE D᾽AUTORITÉ : RECHERCHES SUR LA RÉCEPTION DE SOLON AUX V e ET IV e SIÈCLES

Abstract : My PhD thesis is devoted to the study of the figure of Solon in the fifth and fourth century («Dynamiques et mutations d’une figure d’autorité: recherches sur la réception de Solon aux Ve et IVe siècles »). The latest publications on Solon are essentially devoted to the historical character of Solon or to his poetry. I choose for my part to follow a different path and to conduct a careful and thorough investigation into the reception of the figure of Solon in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. Studying the various presentations of Solon throughout the literature of that period, I analyse the reworking process that transforms a historical figure into an authority figure, which is able to serve a political and ideological discourse based on a certain representation of the past. The scientific conclusions of my work are important: I show how Herodotus highlights the figure of the legislator and the itinerant wise man, obscuring voluntarily the image of the poet and the politician that had prevailed until then. I clearly show the weight of the democratic restoration in the evolution of the figure of Solon. In favour of the revision of the Athenian laws in 403, the figure of Solon undergoes a profound transformation. Thanks to numerous anachronisms, it is gradually annexed by democratic circles and thus serves to legitimize a political program rooted in a wholly rebuilt past. I also analyse how Demosthenes and Aeschines use Solonian ἦθος as a rhetorical argument, exploiting the figure of the hero and multiplying more unusual materials (laws, statue or Solon’s poetry) to feed the quarrel between them and sketch the portrait of the good democrat citizen. Solon contributes to the construction of the Athenian political identity of the fourth century. This dense and precise study on the evolution of the figure of Solon in the classical period clearly uses philology, ancient history and epigraphy. With an extensive bibliography, my work analyses a varied corpus, combining poetical fragments, historical texts, comic poetry and political speeches.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01427368
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 5, 2017 - 3:59:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 3:50:49 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01427368, version 1

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Catherine Psilakis. DYNAMIQUES ET MUTATIONS D᾽UNE FIGURE D᾽AUTORITÉ : RECHERCHES SUR LA RÉCEPTION DE SOLON AUX V e ET IV e SIÈCLES. Etudes classiques. Université Charles de Gaulle Lille 3; Langues et littérature anciennes : Lille 3 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIL30023⟩. ⟨tel-01427368v1⟩

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