Le rôle des intellectuels dans les transformations politiques et sociales après l'apparition de l'opposition en 2009 au Kurdistan irakien

Abstract : In the Kurdish society, the role of Kurdish intellectuals regarding political and social transformations is crucial. According to the history of the Kurdish society, its nature on its composition, Kurdish intellectuals have their own particularities. Therefore they are to be distinguished from other intellectuals. Somehow, Kurdish intellectuals have always took part to the liberation of Kurdistan. The main part of the work was dedicated to the cultural climate existing in th Kurdish society. Which are the cultural organizations and their role in a Muslim society? How do they work? Which place take media organs, education and higher education in Kurdistan? Do they have any influence on intellectuals? Do unions and juridical bodies have a real function in Kurdistan? Many secondary sources as newspapers, review and survey, specialized or non-specialized journals depending upon the importance of delivered information were used, as well as many websites. Besides, some TV shows were viewed (political meeting and debates with intellectuals). A fieldwork in Kurdistan was undertaken to carry out this work, mainly in the cites of Suleimany and Erbil. For security reasons, the city ok Kirkuk was ruled out. Some temporal constrains did not allow any meeting with intellectuals from Dehuk. Thence, the work is focusing on two cities only. However intellectuals from each categories mentioned above were interviewed.
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Shawnm Yahya Kidir. Le rôle des intellectuels dans les transformations politiques et sociales après l'apparition de l'opposition en 2009 au Kurdistan irakien. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA01H203⟩. ⟨tel-01418095⟩

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