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"Si cette putain de guerre pouvait finir". Histoire et sociologie des mutins de 1917

Abstract : This dissertation studies the mutinies of 1917 as a social movement within the French army. It endeavors to reconstruct the social and symbolic framework of obedience which ensures combatants’ participation and obedience in the war before 1917, then discusses the contexts of spring 1917, when multiple news and events (military advance then failure, strikes, Russian revolution, pacifist conference in Stockholm) open up the possibility for a collective action against the war. The intensity with which war is refused is reevaluated, through a description of disobedient soldiers’ practices (desertion, demonstration, unrest, refusal to march to the front lines), and a study of the mutineers’ attempts to reach Paris in order to discuss or enforce peace talks. These actions are led by soldiers whose social characteristics (youth and level of qualification) differ from that of most combatants. They employ protest techniques and practices available in civilian life, improvising disobedience while officers and the military institution attempt to suppress and repress their movement. Finally, a study of the vocabulary and languages of protest deployed by mutineers permits to understand the originalities of their action within the political cultures of contemporary France.
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Contributor : André Loez Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 13, 2016 - 9:40:30 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 10:26:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 14, 2016 - 1:15:32 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-01364881, version 1



André Loez. "Si cette putain de guerre pouvait finir". Histoire et sociologie des mutins de 1917. Histoire. Université Montpellier-III - Paul Valéry, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01364881⟩



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