Exploration textuelle du discours d'un quotidien régional au carrefour du XIXe et du XXe siècles : Le Petit Comtois (1883-1903)

Abstract : In contrast to topical trends of mediatic discourse analysis (predominantly focused on newspapers from the 21st century), this thesis aims at analyzing the discourse of a French newspaper called Le Petit Comtois (1883-1944). Rooted in various fields of research, namely corpus linguistics, “discourse analysis from a historical viewpoint” (Robin, Maldidier, Guilhaumou), “textual analysis of discourse“ (Adam, Heidmann) and lexical statistics (Lebart, Salem), this thesis questions the contributions of a new numerical philology (Rastier; Viprey). This work is based on two complementary axes of research: on the one hand, we worked on the constitution of a textual database with the aim of accurately editing, controlling and normalizing it in order to allow for a revival of interdisciplinary studies led on regional 19th century newspapers. Therefore, our point is to propose some methodological approaches in order to overcome technical obstacles which occur during the acquisition and the sharing of large volume of textual data. The construction and the normalization of the database condition the heuristic confrontation of points of views and the choice of textual sciences methods for the analysis. On the other hand, our objectives are to highlight the specificities of Le Petit Comtois discourse during the period 1883-1903. Exploring a 5.5 million-word corpus, we mainly use the textual statistical methods to produce the emergence of the linguistic, textual and discursive reliefs of the text itself in order to use them as clues for the continuation of the analysis, with the aim to overtake the traditional entrance of the vocabulary used in lexicometry and its ways to approach textuality.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2016 - 3:07:07 PM
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Virginie Lethier. Exploration textuelle du discours d'un quotidien régional au carrefour du XIXe et du XXe siècles : Le Petit Comtois (1883-1903). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Franche-Comté, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01339066⟩

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