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Recherches sur l’opposition entre ser et estar en espagnol : historique de la question, et application à l’étude des variations dans leurs emplois en espagnol spontané contemporain au Mexique

Abstract : This empirical and synchronic study focuses on the actual uses of Spanish copulas ser and estar in predicative constructions in Mexican Spanish. The constructions studied here are those which admit both copulas. These constructions have been traditionally distinguished following Carlson’s (1977) Individual-level Predicates and Stage-level Predicates. Nevertheless, we have noticed that some of the occurrences of estar in Mexican Spanish cannot be explained by the Carlsonian distinction. This copula seems to be undergoing an extension process in some of the varieties of Latin American Spanish. Authors have studied Spanish copulas from different approaches and perspectives. To better understand the complexity of the matter, we have established a critical history of this issue. Then, following a discovery process based mostly on our native speaker’s intuition, we analyze the question applying a comparative experimental task between Mexican Spanish and European Spanish speakers, which shows important internal variations among Mexican native speakers. Finally, we propose a multifactorial analysis of our “natural”, i.e. spontaneous, written and oral corpora from different sources, which allows us to compare different patterns, and to identify which ones are significant for choosing estar. To conclude, the various potential semantic values entailed by copula choice are analyzed.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01335814
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 22, 2016 - 1:44:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 8:44:36 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01335814, version 1

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Yekaterina Garcia Markina. Recherches sur l’opposition entre ser et estar en espagnol : historique de la question, et application à l’étude des variations dans leurs emplois en espagnol spontané contemporain au Mexique. Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA030172⟩. ⟨tel-01335814⟩

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