Trends in Job Quality : Evidence from French and British Linked Employer-Employee Data

Abstract : The contribution of this thesis is to examine the evolution of job quality from the perspective of the workplace using the British Workplace Employment Relations Surveys (WERS 2004 and 2011) and the French Enquête Relations Professionnelles et Négociations d’Entreprises (REPONSE 2005 and 2011). The thesis consists of three chapters and complements three main strands of the existing literature. The first chapter explores the impact of workplace adjustment practices on job quality in France during the recession. The second chapter examines the role of institutional regimes in Great Britain and France in explaining the cross-national variation in job quality. Finally, the third chapter investigates the strategies employees adopt in order to cope with their pay and working conditions. Drawing on French cross-sectional linked employer-employee data (REPONSE 2005-2011), the first chapter provides empirical evidence on the links between changes in business activity and job quality in two different contexts: one in a favourable economic situation in 2005 and the other one post-crisis in 2011. Furthermore, this chapter investigates how a change in business activity interacts with a change in employment and what the impact is on the job quality of French employees. The findings confirm that perceptions of work intensity, job insecurity, and job promotion prospects changed after the ‗Great Recession‘ of 2008-2009. The hourly pay is higher in 2011 than in 2005. Although in the post-crisis context employees perceive to have more promotion opportunities and lower job insecurity, the results show that, once both activity and employment decrease, employees perceive insecurity to be higher and promotion opportunities scarcer. The second chapter examines whether macro-level features can explain country differences in perceived job quality drawing on theoretical frameworks from the varieties of capitalism and power resource approaches. Furthermore, the chapter investigates the impact of firm size on job quality in two different national institutional regimes – France and Great Britain. Overall job quality appears to be higher in large firms in dualist regimes than in small firms, whereas in market employment regimes job quality is lower in large firms than in small ones. Furthermore, the chapter shows that pay can be viewed as a complementary part of job quality in both large and small firms in France, whereas in Great Britain the relation is weak in large firms and not significant in small ones. (...)
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Zinaida Salibekyan. Trends in Job Quality : Evidence from French and British Linked Employer-Employee Data. Economies and finances. Aix-Marseille Université, 2016. English. ⟨tel-01333223⟩

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