Migrations, emploi, développement : analyse comparée de l'île de la Réunion et de l'île Maurice

Abstract : The small island countries are subject to specific constraints defined by the physical conditions, the few natural resources and the demographic situations. They all have also belonged to a colonial power and have been marks by the system of planting. What remains of the colonial presence and its system of organization varies a lot from an island to the other and the links with the former power, assets or handicaps, have never been totally broken and are often still very strong. The island of Reunion, Department of overseas (D.O.M.) located in the south-west of the Indian Ocean, presented of all French departments the unemployment rate the highest. Paradoxically, the Republic of Mauritius any close, sovereign since 1968, has managed to absorb almost the whole of its unemployment to the point of a shortage of labor. Before this observation, it will seek to extract the major mechanisms has work in the divergent evolution of the two islands, by highlighting the historical legacy specific (stand, colonization), contemporary decisions (policies, economic and demographic) and insisting on the importance of migratory phenomena.
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Contributor : Isabelle Blöss-Widmer <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 12, 2016 - 12:09:11 PM
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Isabelle Blöss-Widmer. Migrations, emploi, développement : analyse comparée de l'île de la Réunion et de l'île Maurice. Démographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris I), 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999PA010645⟩. ⟨tel-01295543⟩

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