TERRITOIRES DE L'ETHNICITE: ENCADREMENT, REVENDICATIONS ET CONFLITS TERRITORIAUX AU KENYA

Abstract : The focus of this work and the use of new sources provide us with a renewed understanding of the ethnic clashes that have torn Kenya apart during the 1990s. The theoretical framework of this research is based on the notion of State territory and control. Ethnic clashes, the creation of new ethnic districts and the enclosure of natural areas all of them refer back to the territorial organisation of administration. In Kenya, land, territory and ethnicity seem utterly mingled in spite of the introduction of land privatisation. The rigid territorial fraiework inherited from a settlers' colony made its reappearance during the recent ethnic clashes. This research is the result both of field work and the study of archives. Memorandums written in 1962 to the Regional Boundary Commission at the eve of Independence proved to be of great interest. These documents were only released to the public in 1993. They encompass numerous territorial and ethnic claims including those of the Kalenjins. In 1962, and later on in the 1990's during the ethnic clashes, the Kalenjins claimed the whole of the Rift Valley Province including the fonner White Highlands.The description of different places of conflict, very often located along administrative boundaries, gives us an insight into the history and nature of territorial claims in Kenya. With the outbreak of the ethnic clashes, the idea of exclusive land rights has been openly promoted.
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https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01265014
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Submitted on : Saturday, January 30, 2016 - 10:36:50 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01265014, version 1

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Claire Medard. TERRITOIRES DE L'ETHNICITE: ENCADREMENT, REVENDICATIONS ET CONFLITS TERRITORIAUX AU KENYA . Géographie. UNIVERSITE DE PARIS I, 1999. Français. ⟨tel-01265014⟩

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