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Jouer avec le paradoxe: l'exemple des Pokot du Kenya Tome 1

Abstract : In Kenya, The Pokot Community is made of approximately 190,000 persons (1989 Census). They are Kushitic Nilots and belong to the Kalenjin group. Native of the Sekerr Mountain and the Cherangani Hills, they are an agropastoral and sedentary people organized byeight age-class with current names but without handing over ceremonies. Duribng the first decades of the 19th century, a third of them left the mountains and migrated to the East plains. Some of them settled on the Masol Plains, while others went Eastwards and reached Nginyang where they settled near Turkana Community. They are the East plains pastoral Pokot. Then some of them left, raided the Maasai on the West side and chased the Karimojong out of their lands up to Amudat in Uganda, and settled there. They are the West plains Pokot. Their migrations lead them to adopt a new way of life. They became semi-nomads and pastoralists on the East and West plains. Adopting a way of life similar to the Turkana and the Karimojong, they borrowed their generation classes which determined the syncretic socio-political systems still in effect today. This thesis is focused on the question: What do such syncretic constructions observed in the three settlement zones impose upon the Pokot community as a whole and on each of its members. Such syncretic systems can exist if, and only if, the Pokot discover the most judicious solution to their paradoxes generated by the simultaneous exigence of contradictory age classes and generation classes systemes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 21, 2016 - 1:12:46 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01259981, version 1

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Janick Maisonhaute. Jouer avec le paradoxe: l'exemple des Pokot du Kenya Tome 1. Histoire. The se préscntée en vuc de lobtention du titre de Docteur de 1'Université Paris X, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-01259981⟩

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