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"Est-ce pas ainsi que je parle ?" : la langue à l'œuvre chez Pey de Garros et Montaigne

Abstract : When he published Psaumes viratz (1565) then Poesias gasconas (1567), Pey de Garros (ca.1525-ca.1583) invented the notion of a specifically “Gascon” literature. A few years later, in his Essays (1580-1595), Montaigne (1553-1592) took up the issue of the “Gascon language” in his general reflexion on language and languages. These two authors have hitherto been viewed as part of two different fields: the history of Occitan literature and the history of French literature. The notion of a “Gascon language” helps bridge the gap between these two fields. In spite of the linguistic difference between writing in Occitan and writing in French, a specifically “Gascon” linguistic imaginary emerges out of the texts, and gives literary discourse its full meaning. In order to give flesh to this linguistic imaginary, a study in historical semantics is necessary, so as to understand what a “language” and its literary uses might have meant in the second half of the 16th century. As the various meanings which the “Gascon language” has got for these two authors are examined, the whole network of representations, figures and echos which haunt the texts is uncovered. Although they seemed to have very little in common, the works of Garros and Montaigne are actually linked by a shared linguistic imaginary, consisting in both outspoken claims and deep reflections on means of expression. At the same time, the analysis of the linguistic imaginaries illuminates the relation established by the text with the readers. The power of the linguistic imaginary to elicit a response depends on how it fits in with the readers’ own linguistic imaginaries. This is why a peripheral viewpoint, drawing attention to the issue of the “Gascon language”, makes it possible to read Psaumes viratz, Poesias gasconas and the Essays together.
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Gilles Guilhem Couffignal. "Est-ce pas ainsi que je parle ?" : la langue à l'œuvre chez Pey de Garros et Montaigne. Littératures. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014TOU20106⟩. ⟨tel-01259019⟩

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