L'Union libérale. : Contribution à une sociologie politique des libéraux sous le Second Empire.

Abstract : What does "liberal" mean? This contribution to a sociology of "liberalism" is a study of the so-called "Liberal Union" under the Second French Empire. In a restricted sense, the term refers to a strategy of electoral alliance which brings together "republicans" and "monarchists" who where in opposition to the Empire. These relationships, still unthinkable a few years before, were carried out under the "liberal" flag and the demand of "liberties". What significance does this form of agreement have in the political and intellectual battles of the Second Empire ? What explains the mobilizations associated with the label "liberal" ? The analysis seeks to understand the conditions and limits -of this agreement. It also explains the political and intellectual stands in relation with the dynamics of the period. It shows that the "Liberal Union" corresponds to a characteristic ideological mood of the 1860s – which saw the birth of the formula "liberal democracy". It studies the way an opposition to the Empire is formed and returns on the rallying of the "liberals" to the new political order established at the beginning of the year 1870. The approach wish to reconsider the common political classifications established by academic literature by looking for affiliations or divisions which escape narratives based on the main political "forces" or "trends".
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Antoine Schwartz. L'Union libérale. : Contribution à une sociologie politique des libéraux sous le Second Empire. . Science politique. Université Paris Ouest Nanterre, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01245532⟩



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