Saint-Martin de Savigny : archéologie d'un monastère lyonnais : Histoire monumentale et organisation spatiale des édifices cultuels et conventuels (IXe-XIIIe siècle)

Abstract : The abbey of Savigny (Rhône), founded during the Carolingian period and nearly destroyed at the dawn of the French Revolution, has long been ignored by archaeologists due to the extent of its destruction. The epistemological approach of the Savigny studies revealed at first the archaeological potential of this site, emphasizing important differences between the official publications and the personal archives of the scientists. Comparing the results of the analysis of both archival sources and archaeological remains enabled to reconstitute the monumental history of the monastic buildings and to suggest drawing reproductions of the monastery for the Carolingian period, the Romanesque period and the end of the Middle Ages. New lines of thinking can now be put forward with regard to Savigny history. Probably built to the standard plan of benedictin abbeys from its onset during the first third of the IXth century, the abbey mainly reflects the fast integration of the Carolingian values of community life in the diocese of Lyon. It then underwent several changes which do not challenge its general organization but help the existing buildings to adapt to the requirements of a new liturgy. The transformation of the second church paradoxically results in the creation of a marian church at the intersection of the infirmary and the cemetery and, in addition, of a front-nave. Consequently, it is both an answer to the growing number of funeral masses and to the rituals used to accompany the dying that reflect the Cluny traditions. We may then consider that the abbey of Savigny could have been reformed by the abbey of Cluny at the turning from the Xth to the XIth century without being actually integrated into the Ecclesia cluniacensis.
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Olivia Puel. Saint-Martin de Savigny : archéologie d'un monastère lyonnais : Histoire monumentale et organisation spatiale des édifices cultuels et conventuels (IXe-XIIIe siècle). Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Lumière-Lyon 2, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01243383⟩

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