Population et anthroponymie en Martinique du XVIIe s. à la première moitié du XIXe s. : Etude d’une société coloniale à travers son système de dénomination personnel

Abstract : This study is about historical demography and anthroponymy dealing with the proper nouns which were used to designate people during the colonial and slavery era, from the 17th century to the 1848 abolition. It focuses on the French Carribean colonial space and more specifically on Martinique, with diversified sources, especially parish registers. Different levels of analysis will be dealt with: the family level, the parish level and to finish, the island level. The first part presents the scope of the study, the sources and the methodology of the survey. The next one deals with the construction of the society of Martinique, the examination of the population and the colony’s socioeconomic structure. The social structure is analysed from the demographic pattern and social relations (the family structure, the mixing of people, the choice of godfathers and godmothers.) In the light of these elements, the naming system is studied through the way the Christian name and the birth name were chosen to bring out the significant similarities and differences of the corpus of individual names according to the different groups of population (white people, free coloured people and slaves). Then, the habits of each group are studied, from the study of the different types of names (Christian names or birth names, common names and nicknames), focusing on the way they were chosen, on the way they spread and on the way they were used. Bringing out the lines of solidarity of exchange and of tensions, the analysis of the results fits into the study of the social relation system of this colonial society and the way it works.
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Vincent Cousseau. Population et anthroponymie en Martinique du XVIIe s. à la première moitié du XIXe s. : Etude d’une société coloniale à travers son système de dénomination personnel. Histoire. Université des Antilles et de la Guyane, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-01243251⟩

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