Interactions entre associations et pouvoirs publics : logiques, tensions, diversité : Le cas des associations d'action sociale et médico-sociale

Abstract : In a context of profound changes in public policy, this thesis investigates the relationship between associations and public authorities by consolidating an approach in terms of interactions. Relations between these two entities are often considered unilaterally, pointing solely the increasing influence of public intervention on the functioning and projects of non-profit organizations, whereas this thesis looks also at the impact of associations on government, which is less explored in the literature. Associations providing social and “médico-social” services in the Languedoc-Roussillon Region are studied by a combination from qualitative and quantitative data. The theoretical perspective mobilized is a socio-economic one. It is built on the criticism of economic standard current according to which associations are perceived only through their economic role of service providers. By considering the political role of associations as well, this thesis adopts a more complex approach. Moreover, this approach is historically and institutionally contextualized, as suggested by the Institutionalist theory. The analysis of the changes in the regulation of the welfare state since 1945, leads to the characterization of the current model that oscillates between an enhanced supervision and a competitive tendering of the associations. Finally, the exploration of organizational and strategic features of the associations highlights, beyond rationalization, their diversity in the studied interactive process.
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Céline Marival. Interactions entre associations et pouvoirs publics : logiques, tensions, diversité : Le cas des associations d'action sociale et médico-sociale. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. UNIVERSITE DE LA MEDITERRANEE AIX-MARSEILLE II ; LABORATOIRE D’ECONOMIE ET DE SOCIOLOGIE DU TRAVAIL (LEST-UMR 6123), 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01239746⟩

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