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Les bannières religieuses : une approche du catholicisme bas-breton : 1805-2012

Christiane Guillou 1
1 CRBC Rennes - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UR2 - Université de Rennes 2 : EA 4451, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : This thesis is about catholicism in Lower Brittany through the study of processional banners from the beginning of the 19th century to our days. These were found in tthe churches of the diocese of Quimper and Leon , in the french county of Finistere. The thesis is divided into four parts : the production of banners, their counting from the various types of available inventories, devotion which they highlight, even social evolution of which testify.The approach is quantitative and qualitative. It involves a systematic visit of churches and the conservation of a photographic record of all their banners. Classic sources are used such as the reportsof the canonical visits, and others vho are less so the inventories of 1906.The study of the life of two parishes, a deanship dating from the concordat and a former episcopal city, allowed to highlight the generative motives of the acquisition of banners. If parochial banners are the norm, the banners of congregations reflect the dynamism of the groups of devotion and their evolution in the course of the centuries.Quantitative approaches allow to propose a hypothesis of reponse to the policy of the Laic laws by interposed banners, in parallel to social evolutions. If the iconography shows a distant influence of the arts, it is especially the importance of trade that appears. However it leaves possibilities of expression for a different creativity and even for a different spirituality. The last chapters concerrn the revival starting from the seond third of the 20th century. The last chapter is dedicated to the banners made for the Mission 2012.
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Christiane Guillou. Les bannières religieuses : une approche du catholicisme bas-breton : 1805-2012. Histoire. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BRES0070⟩. ⟨tel-01231402⟩

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