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L'Uruguay et son insertion régionale : le rôle des ports dans la structuration du territoire

Eric Foulquier 1
1 LETG - Brest - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : Since its creation, in the late 1980's, Mercosur has been a driving force in the territorial reorganisation of which transport is one of the key elements. Placed at the heart of this integration, Uruguay, with it's restricted internal market, has ambitions to become the crossroad of the region, but remains for the moment, at in the same position as Paraguay, one of the bypassed regions of the southern cone. The small Eastern Republic of Urguay who's existence is due to the strong rivality between its two powerful neigbours who were incapable of finding agreement on the division of the River plate estuary, has become an insular state because of it's role as a buffer. In the current context of internationalisation and economic integration in South America, Uruguay occupies an important position nontheless. The positive aspect of the situation is that the country benefits from a series of contact traditionally undertaken by ports and coastal areas due to its proximity to the Argentinian market. The Uruguayan coast is subject to pressure today due to the liberalization of the national economy. This reawaking of the coast is not without risk however : the requirement of massive and private investment. If the insertion of Uruguay as an important regional player is due to the value of its coastal access and notably by the reactivation of its ports, this one cannot be achieved without a territorial strategy which pricniples are necessary based on society choices.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 19, 2015 - 4:17:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 3:35:52 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01231189, version 1

Citation

Eric Foulquier. L'Uruguay et son insertion régionale : le rôle des ports dans la structuration du territoire. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-01231189⟩

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